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Nagaraja Chapter 2 Part 6 by dinosaurusgede Nagaraja Chapter 2 Part 6 by dinosaurusgede
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Philippines 'Bathala' term is similiar to Indonesia's 'Battara or Batara Guru'. 
Many thanks to :iconmisschocoholic: for the Batak cultures info and for Batak Singa info.

Bathala (or Batala) in ancient Tagalog theology, was the supreme being and the omnipotent creator of the universe; in some Visayan languages Bathala also means God. It is identified that the Philippine Bathala is related to the Indonesian Batak chief god named "Batara Guru," son of the blue hen goddess "Manuk Patiaraja" (Manuk means hen and it is "Manok" in Tagalog) and Buginese Batara. In Indonesian Javanese mythology, Shiva known as Bathara Guru. Source: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bathala

Batara Guru (also called Bathara Guru and Debata Batara Guru) is the name of a supreme god in several Indonesian mythologies. His name appears to be derived from Sanskrit Bhattara, which means "noble lord" and Guru, epithet of Bṛhaspati, a Hindu god who is a regent and identified with the planet Jupiter.[1] Souce :en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batara_G…

Eulogio Despujol y Dusay
[1], 1st Count of Caspe (March 11, 1834 - October 18, 1907) served as the Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines between 1891 and 1893. A native of Catalunya,[2] at first, he ruled in the Philippines as a Conservative but later became a Liberal. It was during his term when José Rizal, leader of the Philippine propaganda movement, was sent to Dapitan in Mindanao.[3] He would again meet with Rizal, who was on his way to Cuba to work as a military medic before being intercepted in Barcelona, before sending him back to the Philippines.[2] 


Nagaraja belongs to :icondinosaurusgede:


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:iconphdsciencefan:
PHDScienceFan Featured By Owner Edited May 8, 2017
I hate to be that guy, and I know this is a bit late... but the 'Batara Guru' and 'Bathala' are not related expressions of the same original being and are not linked. The scholars who identified the two have no objective justification to imply this.

The root word of 'Bhatarra' is a sanskrit influenced word on South East Asian languages that means lord. And because the Indians influenced much of the SEA culture sphere of the aboriginal austronesians, it is plausible and not surprising to see that two distant groups of malay people (Tagalogs and Javanese) who are united by influence of the same culture (Hindus) lingually will call their chief god 'Bhattara' or 'Lord' newly attained influenced word in their language like so.

Bathala is a Native Tagalog god, but he has native aboriginal names (not sanskrit influenced) is either Maykapal (Powerful/Creator), Lumikha (Creator) or May Ari (Owner/Lord) or sometimes even comined! Bathala Maykapal. Sometimes he was even called by another Sanskrit god title "Diwata" which is derived from Devata which is derived from Deva, related to the words Indo European Deus, Deity or Theoi from Greek since Sanskrit is an Indo-European langauge. Beside that, Bathala has next to no hindu or indian influence.

Batara Guru's nature is much more Hindu in nature, though in his name is also Sanskrit, Guru is an epithet of some Hindu god. And he is sometimes identified with the Hindu God Shiva, and the motif some versions of him throughout Indonesia is that he is part of a Hindu like Trinity. Batara Guru's expression in the culture he's found in appears to be almost entirely under the operative expression of an Indonesian HINDU God, synthesis of Hinduism and Indonesian culture. In fact, Batara Guru is arguably a direct Hindu God himself, one that is expressed in Indonesian culture. That is why he is even seen as just an Indonesian expression of Hindu Gods like Shiva or even an Avatar.

THIS is not the nature of Bathala. The nature of Bathala is despite his sanskrit name, he operates entirely like a totally simplistically viewed aborinal folk god as opposed to a God of Hinduism or organized religious dogma, the only link he has to Hinduism is his name that is not even always applied to him in fact. Like some Animistic Filipino high ranking deities, He is too distant to be even worshiped and too great to be approached or bothered by mere humans. Graven images of him are non existent, and he is seen somewhat like a deistic legend deity, that is still to be highly respected and revered. Bathala is not even portrayed in any art in ancient culture still. And has 0 in common with Guru other than the name, he is not even part of a dogmatic structural group like a Trinity. He instead just sends Anitos to intervene on his behalf to deal with mortal affairs. Bathala is also often seen as eternal, not subservient or inferior to no God.

Bathala Maykapal, the Tagalog CHief God has much much more root in common personality and nature wise with the other neighboring ethnic group's chief gods like Kaptan, Gugurang, Lumawing, Kabunian, Tunkung Langit and etc. and do not have a Batara title attached to them. a lot of these deities are supreme in their respective cultures (Bikol, Bisaya, Ifugao, etc.) somewhat distant, folk and etc. Bathala has more link with them than he does with Guru.

The two gods are viewed TOTALLY differently in their respective cultures, and operate TOTALLY differently as respective religious figures, one is more Hindu and the other is more Aboriginal Malay, if not entirely Malay and have totally different personalities and religious expressive nature and have indications they have different root. The only thing that binds them is that their worshipers were influenced by Sanskrit. This is totally obvious, since the native gods of all Malay cultures that separate Tagalogs and the Indonesians don't even call any of their chief gods as Bathala.
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:iconraineyellow:
RaineYellow Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Student Digital Artist
I cannot help but to like isabella's enthusiasm in this page
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
thank you RaineYellow ^^
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:iconraineyellow:
RaineYellow Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Student Digital Artist
Your welcome~
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:iconeternalempress:
EternalEmpress Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Writer
Awww Isabella just went to 'Precolonial study mode' XD so cute :33 I think she would make a great anthropologist at this rate (she will study SEA cultures to learn more about Philippine precolonial history)

Capitan Damaso, how could you! Even if she is adopted, Isabella is still your daughter!

What Eulogio Despujo said concerns me (about treason and hiding Bakunawas). Since he seems to be aware of the Bakunawa folklore, that means the colonizers, or the Spanish in this case, mustve encountered the Bakunawa legends at some point (possibly during Magellan's or miguel lopez's expedition?)

I have a dreadful feeling that the spanish colonizers tried to exterminate the Bakunawa descendants (by pitting scattered barangays to each other, perhaps?) and focused on the spread of Christianity to prevent an uprise from the natives and make the colonizing process more easier (The Spanish probably knew that the Naga descendants were powerful); thus, Maria Makiling had to hide Isabella, presumbably the last Luzon Naga, in bolo form? :o

Oh and who is the new character :3
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Luckily surrounding SEA has interactions with Precolonial Philippines, thus I will have her with Nagaraja travel to Indonesia, Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore, Okinawa (Japan), etc. For study (& adventure) of course. XDDD 

I was wondering, what kind of clothes are woman of status in the Philippines wear during 19th century when they go into informal trips.

Her father has his reasons... more will be revealed in next pages.

Yes, your guesses are spot on. ^^

However I will not bring about Spanish proselytizing in this comic since in Indonesia publishing we were banned from mentioning bad things about state religions in our books, ie: Catholic, Islam, Christianity (in Indonesia Christianity is Protestant due to Dutch influence), Hindu, Buddhism, Kong Hu Cu (Confucianism).

Thus, Spain's drive in the Philippines instead are more focused on Glory & Gold (instead of Gospel).
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:iconeternalempress:
EternalEmpress Featured By Owner Oct 30, 2015  Hobbyist Writer
As for the attires during the 19th century, maybe this link will help: tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-0…

(I'm still not finished on summarizing the document for you...I was a little busy with university work ^^")

Ah, I see :) But that's okay XD Sometimes including the themes of religion in a story can be quite controversial
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 31, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Many thanks for the info ^^ I will make sure to credit you
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:iconmarxxxonxxxda:
MARxxxOnxxxDA Featured By Owner Oct 5, 2015
She looked so cute trying to take down notes Llama Emoji-23 (Shyness) [V1] and, she's really pumped when it comes to the country's history. I wouldn't mind hanging out with her Llama Emoji-09 (Drinking Tea) [V1] and tell her about the Huangdom of Pangasinan and May-i or the Kedatuan of Madja-as  
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
wow, many thanks for the info for precolonial Philippines kingdoms ^^ this will be good for Isabella study.

Just curious though, what do you think abaout Ulilang Kaluluwa deity?
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:iconmarxxxonxxxda:
MARxxxOnxxxDA Featured By Owner Oct 8, 2015
Well, his story is fascinating.
Why? Are you going to include him in the story? I haven't really heard of him 'till you told me. I haven't been looking back on Philippine Mythology for some time.

The time that me and my sis was searching about it, we had this crazy idea, like a cartoon where Filipino gods and goddesses  go to school. It started with a mental image of the supreme deities from different filipino myths, like Bathala, Kaptan, and Aman Sinaya, racing to school but they got caught in Maria Cacao's tidal wave caus' she's rowing to school on her golden boat. The memory is already sketchy. Sooner we decided to change it as the supreme deities being the teachers. I don't know Shrug 

I'm not considering on going back to that concept, because I don't know how to arrange it.
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 8, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Yes, I'm planning to include him in the story as well ^^

It will be great if you continye your story. The charas seems exciting ^^
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:iconmarxxxonxxxda:
MARxxxOnxxxDA Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2015
I'll think about.
My sister said that it would be a great idea, but it got me thinking that Cartoon Network may not be interested, because when they say myth they'd always think of either Greek/Roman or Norse. My sister then said that that was bias if ever so.

Then we started thinking of including other schools (mythologies). Just the thought would be hard research. I mean, the idea isn't that bad, but I just think that a lot of people may not like the concept. 

Mythology isn't my only thing.
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:iconspiderninja24:
SpiderNinja24 Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Student General Artist
I'm back! Gone for four days and you already three up! Very nice. Its getting very interesting.... Really starting to not like Isabella's Dad though. But I'll reserve judgment till the story progressives.
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Her dad has his reasons, but they'll reconcile.. after some drama and fighting against Spanish gov general.

Yes, I was in the mood for drawing (and the comments from fans are giving me lots of ideas for the story) thus I have been updating pretty frequent ^^ 
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:icondangara2610:
Dangara2610 Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015
Ohh.... This is getting intrigous, at the history line and the comments below xD , you're doing it awesome as always Dino nvn !
Greetings and blesses 
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
many thanks Dangara2610 ^^ your comment means so much to me.
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:iconsinadelendaest:
SinaDelendaEst Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015
Ooh, I'm wondering who the new lady is.
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
thank you ^^ I have updated today to answer your question ^^
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:iconladytrsharon:
LadyTrSharon Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015
I love her enthusiasm unlike my enthusiasm
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
thank you ^^
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:iconladytrsharon:
LadyTrSharon Featured By Owner Oct 7, 2015
No problem :)
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:icontemiji:
temiji Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015
Chdjjaj dino-san is back with new doujin and bfjsjj :iconasdfghbeeplz:
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Hello Temiji, how are you ^^ it's been a while
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:iconvinva098:
vinva098 Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Hobbyist Artist
I love Isabella enthusiasm X'D
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
thank you Vinva098
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:iconmiftahulkrm:
MiftahulKrm Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
YESSSS Akhirnya Uli muncull <333
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
hahaha iya Mifta ^^ Uli muncul juga
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:iconcoolalexia:
coolalexia Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Student Digital Artist
:happybounce: 
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
thank you ^^
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:iconaufigirl:
AuFigirl Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Student Traditional Artist
Isabella's adoptive father turning her in...totally called it. 

Isabella: "Yes I must learn. For the sake of knowledge and understanding of the past!" 
(So adorable~ x3 )
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
many thanks AuFigirl ^^ 

I was planning on Isabella reaction pertaining her adoptive dad's reaction, but they will reconcile.. someday
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:iconaufigirl:
AuFigirl Featured By Owner Oct 8, 2015  Student Traditional Artist
Hopefully. :)
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:iconmuchiepotatoes:
Muchiepotatoes Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015
Ankar-sensei is one hawt sensei :>
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 6, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
many thanks Muchiepotatoes ^^
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:iconmengky335:
mengky335 Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
Waaa mbak Uli cantik sekali... :love:
...
marganya apa? *siapatahubisadikawinin*//plak
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Sinaga, salah satu marga tertua di Batak Toba.. dan ada 'Naga' di marganya #shot
dapet info dari :iconmisschocoholic: 
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:iconyama951:
yama951 Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Student General Artist
The Governor-General's comment on the naga descendant implies that on some level, people know that they exist. I bet St. George is much more popular in this reality if dragons are considered naga as well.
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:icontsukasa013:
tsukasa013 Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015
oh I was curious about that also, Me and my chinese friend were debating if Naga is a dragon or a giant serpent like Jormungand but she also said that Jormungad might be dragon in norse myth if you think about it almost every culture in the world has dragons even mayans have dragon-like creature.
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:iconyama951:
yama951 Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Student General Artist
The Norse also have a dragon. Niddhog, the dragon/serpent that gnaws on the roots of Yggdrasil, the world tree, in hopes of killing it. The Mesoamerican people have a feathered serpent called a coatl. It's basically a snake with feathered wings.
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:icontsukasa013:
tsukasa013 Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015
A feathered serpent? reminds me of a mexican serpent creature named quetzalcoatl.
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:iconyama951:
yama951 Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Student General Artist
They're related. In fact, Quetzalcoatl has the name coatl in it. The feathered serpent is one of its forms.
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Edited Oct 4, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
yes, in this story only some high level Spanish government officials knows about the existence of Naga (and tries very hard to eliminate them) since Naga like Bakunawa inspires the Philippines people for their symbol in Philippines culture and heritage. Common Filipino know long ago they exist but become extinct due to massive hunting by the Spanish colonial gov.
sorry, what is St George? ^^
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:iconyama951:
yama951 Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Student General Artist
St. George is England's saint, famous for slaying a dragon. He's basically the inspiration of the 'knight in shining armor killing the evil fire breathing dragon' idea.
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:icontsukasa013:
tsukasa013 Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015
Ate dino, Do you know about Bakunawa's rival Haliya the masked moon goddess?
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:iconmisaikoneho:
Misaikoneho Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Wait, so a lot of people knew who Isabella was, and that she's the Bakunawa Naga?! Now I'm quie confuse about this :baffled: 
Also, Isabella is so adorable!! X3 she just love learning about the pre history of the Philippines doesn't she? You know she kinda reminds me of Lucy Heartfilia from Fairy Tail xD maybe because she is also came from a wealthy family and has daddy issues//shot
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
eh no no, Linares who was Isabella fiance told the Spanish governor about Isabella being Bakunawa.
Kabayan (chara in last page of chp 1) informed Andres Bonifacio about Isabella being Bakunawa because he want revolution in Philippines.
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:iconmisaikoneho:
Misaikoneho Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Oh xD sorry xD God, I don't even know what's happening xd
Oh right, since Linares wasn't shown in some chspters after Isabella turned into a Bakunawa he told them that she became a Bakunawa!
Well I doubt the revolution of the Philippines here in your comic is way more awesome than the real one(even though there wasn't any mythological creature). Maybe it's because it's a fantasy and historical comic xD
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:icondinosaurusgede:
dinosaurusgede Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
my fault actually XDDD I was so lazy to draw Linares so I just skipped him and make him implied to have made witness testimony to the gov general in this page. XP
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:iconmisaikoneho:
Misaikoneho Featured By Owner Oct 4, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
No! It wasn't your fault" (;=゚д゚=)
We're all lazy at some point though xD
It's not like Linares is a major character right? Oh god, is he a major character?!
Though I have been thinking... When will one of yours characters will be named Ibarra//shot sorry for asking xd I'm just curious since there are a lot of characters from Noli me Tangere that is xD
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