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Philippines Pre-Colonial Period (23,000 BC - 1519 AD)
The oldest human fossil remains are found in Palawan, on the western fringe of the archipelago. These remains are about 30,000 years old, suggesting that the first human migrations to the islands took palce during the last Ice Age, when land bridiges connected the archipelago to mainland Asia and Borneo.
The islands were eventually inhabited by different groups that developed domestic trade linkages. The archaelogical evidence shows a rich pre- colonial culture that included skills in weaving, ship-building, mining and goldsmithing. Contact with Asian neighbors date back to at least 500 B.C. Trade linkages existed with the powerful Hindu empires in Java and Sumatra (present day Indonesia). These linkages were venues for exchanges with Indian culture, including the adoption of syllabic scripts which are still used by indigenous groups in Palawan and Mindoro. Trade ties with China were extensive by the 10th centuray A.D. while contact with Arab traders reached its peak about the 12th century. By the time the Spaniards arrived, Islam was well established in Mindanao and had started to influence groups as far north as Luzon.
Many existing health beliefs and practices in the Philippines are rooted back in the pre-colonial period. This includes magico-religious elements, such as beliefs in spirits and sorcery as causes of illness, as well as empirical aspects such as the use of medicinal plants. Archaelogical sites in the Philippines have yielded skeletal remains showing intricate ornamental dental work and the use of trephination (boring a hole into the skull as a magical healing ritual).
Today's traditional medicinal practitioners can trace their origins back to the pre-colonial period - the psychic surgeons, with their flair for drama, parallel the pre-hispanic religious practicioners (babaylanand catalonan) who also played roles as healers.
Nagaraja belongs to
I can imagine Isabella frustrated face when she tries to look up for precolonial history in her books and found none XDDD
what does AP stands for though, I'm curious ^^
Yes! I feel the same way too ,Isabella xD historical books these days are hard to find, especiallyabout the Prehistorical Philippines xD I can't stop cursing at my books that they don't even put the kingdoms of the Philippines and their relationship from the other nations.
Ah, AP stands for Araling Panlipunan x3 that is the subject for... history that is. Though in elementary it is called Hekasi, though I don't know if some other schools call it.
The Ganteng Ankar, please give her a warm hug, cover her sad face with your manly body.
Many thanks for the comment tho ^^